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Medication For Treating Addiction

How Medications Help Addiction Treatment


During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. Prescribed medication can be given to the patient as part of both inpatient and outpatient programs. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.


Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.


Detox And Drug Withdrawal

The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This process is known as detox or cleansing It depends on the drug that how last the detox will be, for some days or some weeks.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. Depending on the usage and history of drug, the rigorousness of withdrawal signs may vary. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.


There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. They may include:

  • Feeling anxious
  • Hopelessness
  • Vomiting
  • Fits
  • Muscle pain
  • Excessive perspiration

To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
  • Anxiety and stress are a common symptom of detox from many drugs.
  • The soothing impact which controls liquor withdrawals is Benzos.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • Depression is common in withdrawal as the brain has problems producing the 'happy hormones' that are naturally produced.
  • People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
  • Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine is prescribed to treat alcohol and drug withdrawals and it decreases sweating, muscle spasm, anxiety and muscle pains.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

The withdrawal symptoms from Benzodiazepines such as Valium or Xanax can be extremely dangerous and can result in death; one should never try to detox abruptly on their own. Complications can arise while detoxing from other drugs although the withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly. Medical assistance guarantees protection and accomplishment in detoxification.

Speak with someone that can give you assistance in case you are suffering from an addiction.


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Addiction Medication

Severe and prolonged withdrawal symptoms that last for weeks or months are as a result of alcohol abuse over an extended period. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. These medicines frequently come as a capsule that patients take every day.


Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
  • In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
  • In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
  • This medication is usually taken by recovering alcoholics after the detoxification period is over.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
  • The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.

Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.


Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction

Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medicines comfort urges and withdrawal side effects. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Everyone has a different withdrawal experience and for some it may only last as little as a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. Withdrawal symptoms can last for months or even years for some people. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.

For Heroin and painkillers these are some medicines:

  • Methadone
  • Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
  • Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
  • Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
  • Methadone is prescribed with attention since some patients have become addicted to it instead of Heroin and painkillers.
  • Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
  • Find out more information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Those on Buprenorphine are allowed to take their prescription home instead of visiting the treatment centre daily.
  • Naltrexone
  • The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
  • It prevents the cravings for use.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Centres For Medical Detox And Rehab

Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. For the ones who are addicted to alcohol or benzos, medical detoxification is a must.

A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.

Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. Doctors record the patient's heart scale, body heat, breathing rate and fluid levels. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. Another advantage is that doctors will adjust dosages as the patient response dictates and can advise on long-term treatment schedules.

Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.

Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.

Find a rehabilitation with medical detoxification today for you or someone you care about that needs assistance to accomplish sobriety call 0800 246 1509.